The model hypothesizes that bipolar disorder may occur when the ventral system is overactivated and the dorsal system is underactivated.
Archives of General Psychiatry.
Mania can present with varying levels of mood disturbance, ranging from , which is associated with "classic mania", to and.
Neuroscientists have proposed additional models to try to explain the cause of bipolar disorder.
Children Treating bipolar disorder in children involves medication and psychotherapy.
What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder? These concepts were developed by the German psychiatrist 1856—1926 , who, using 's concept of cyclothymia, categorized and studied the natural course of untreated bipolar patients.
ECT is an effective form of treatment for acute mood disturbances in those with bipolar disorder, especially when psychotic or features are displayed.
Bipolar spectrum Since Emil Kraepelin's distinction between bipolar disorder and schizophrenia in the 19th century, researchers have defined a spectrum of different types of bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder (formerly called manic-depressive illness or manic depression) is a mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, concentration, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. There are three types of bipolar disorder. All three types involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels.
Bipolar disorder is a chronic or episodic (which means occurring occasionally and at irregular intervals) mental disorder. It can cause unusual, often extreme and fluctuating changes in mood, energy, activity, and concentration or focus. Bipolar disorder sometimes is called manic-depressive disorder or manic depression, which are older terms.
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that can cause intense mood swings: Sometimes you may feel extremely up, elated, irritable, or energized. This is called a manic episode. Other times you may feel down, sad, indifferent, or hopeless. This is called a depressive episode. You may have both manic and depressive symptoms together.
People with bipolar disorder may benefit from establishing a daily routine for sleep, diet and exercise. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The focus is identifying unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors and replacing them with healthy, positive ones. CBT can help identify what triggers your bipolar episodes.
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